Adderall is the brand name of a prescription medication used to treat children and adults.
Adderall is a combination of two stimulants, amphetamine and dextroamphetamine.
AdderallXR is an extended form of the drug.
The drug can prevent symptoms of narcolepsy, which include excessive drowsiness and sudden bouts of daytime sleepiness.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Adderall in the 1960s. The agency also approved the combination of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine as a common drug.
DSMPharmaceuticals produces a branded drug, and many pharmaceutical companies are releasing its general version.
Adderall belongs to a class of drugs called stimulants of the central nervous system. The drug works by increasing the levels of dopamine, which stimulates the brain.
This stimulation has a calming effect on people with ADHD.
Adderall and Abuse
The use of Adderall has increased in recent years.
Studies show that the number of ADHD medications prescribed for children increased by 45 percent between 2002 and 2010.
Among these drugs, Adderall was the second most prescribed medication.
Sales of the drug increased by more than 3,000 percent from 2002 to 2006. Only in 2010 the total number of recipes Adderall exceeded 18 million.
One reason for the surge in Adderall appointments is that the number of children and adolescents is growing.
However, doctors also prescribe the drug to children and adults who do not have ADHD.
Increasing the availability of Adderall has led to the fact that many began to abuse it.
Also, Adderall became common among senior students and colleges who try to study exams or improve their academic performance.
Stimulants, such as Adderall, sometimes called “smart pill”, are currently the second most common form of drugs on campuses.
Despite the widespread belief that Adderall can improve a person’s ability to learn, the drug does not improve the ability of thinking in people who do not have ADHD.
Young people who do not have ADHD, but who take Adderall to get higher grades at school or to gain an academic advantage, are at risk of potentially fatal side effects.
Adderall and weight loss
Adderall can also suppress appetite, and an increasing number of people who want to lose weight also abuse the drug as a diet pills.
However, the use of Adderall or AdderallXR for weight loss can lead to serious side effects, including psychosis, drug addiction, cardiac arrest and death.
Adderall may increase the risk of heart problems and stroke.
If a person taking Adderall has a history of heart problems, there is a risk of sudden death.
Doctors should check children for any heart problems before prescribing Adderall.
Adderall may increase the risk of problems with mental health, including, and unusual behavior, including aggressive or hostile.
Children taking Adderall may also develop psychotic symptoms. For example, hallucinations.
Adderall can be addictive. It is more likely if you take Adderall in large doses, more often or longer than your doctor recommended.
You may need to take higher and higher doses to control symptoms, but increasing the dose will increase the risk of cardiovascular disease.
Children under 3 years of age should not take Adderall, and children under 6 years of age should not take Adderall XR.
Always tell your doctor about all the medications that you use.
Tell your doctor if you previously had:
- Reactions to other stimulants
- Heart problems, high blood pressure or stroke
- Problems with the psyche
- Problems with the use of drugs or alcohol
- Tourette’s syndrome or any sudden, uncontrolled movements
- Liver disease
- Kidney disease
- Problems with the eyes
If your child is taking Adderall, you should talk to your doctor about the risk of growth retardation.
Some stimulants may slow growth and development in children. The doctor will have to regularly check your child while the child is taking Adderall.
It is also important to confirm the diagnosis of ADHD before applying for a child Adderall.
Sometimes poor behavior at school or behavioral problems are symptoms of other problems requiring treatment, such as dyslexia or mental illness.
Medical experts do not know if Adderall is safe for the elderly.
If you are older than 65, ask your doctor if there are other options for medications that can be safer for you.
If you suddenly stop taking Adderall, you may have withdrawal symptoms.
Symptoms of withdrawal may include depression or other sleep disorders, irritability and severe fatigue.
You are at increased risk of becoming addicted to the drug if you have been abused in the past with drugs or alcohol.
Adderall and pregnancy
Adderall may be unsafe during pregnancy.
Because of this, talk with your doctor before starting taking Adderall. Call your doctor right away if you become pregnant while taking Adderall.
In addition, do not take Adderall during breastfeeding, because the drug can be transmitted through breast milk to a child.
Adderall: side effects
Common side effects:
- Abdominal pain
- Decreased appetite
- Problems with sleep
- Dry mouth
- Weight loss
- Loss of interest in sex
If more serious side effects occur, consult a doctor immediately. Serious side effects:
- Changes in vision
- Thoracic pain
- Labored breathing
- Severe weakness or numbness
- Uncontrolled movements
- Aggressive behavior
- Uncontrolled behavior
- Severe skin rash
- Swelling of the face, lips or tongue
- Difficulties with swallowing or speech
It is very important that your doctor knows about all the medicines that you take.
If you have taken one of the following drugs in the past two weeks, you should not take Adderall:
- Eldepryl, Emsam, Zelapar
Types of drugs that are known to interact with Adderall and can cause problems include:
- Blood pressure medications, such as an adrenergic blocker or alpha blockers, such as Uroxatral, Cardura, and Minipress
- Drugs such as Zarontin, Luminal, Solfoton and phenytoin
- Blood solvents such as Warfarin
- Over-the-counter cough and cold medicines and containing decongestants
- Cardiac preparations, such as, for example, Tenormin, Normodyne and Lopressor, Toprol XL
- Medicinal pain medications, including meperidine and propoxyphene (Darvon)
- Dietary supplements, called glutamic acid or L-glutamine
Dosage of Adderall
Doses of Adderall are individualized, so your dose will depend on why you take Adderall and from the body’s reaction to the drug.
Doctors usually start with a low dose and gradually increase it.
A child older than 5 years who takes Adderall from ADHD, usually starts taking 5 mg and gradually increases to 30 mg.
A typical dose for an adult with narcolepsy can begin with 5 mg and increase to 60 mg.
You can take Adderall and Adderall XR with and without food.
People usually take Adderall tablets every four to six hours during the day.
People take Adderall XR capsules once a day in the morning. Adderall, taken in the evening, can interfere with sleep.
Symptoms of overdose may include:
- Severe concern
- Rapid breathing
- Extreme fatigue
- Severe palpitations
- Loss of consciousness
If you think you have reached an overdose, call the toxicology center. If you or someone has overdose symptoms, call 03.
The missed dose of Adderall
Take Adderall exactly as directed by your doctor.
Stop taking the medication gradually, otherwise it can cause severe depression, fatigue and other withdrawal symptoms.
If you miss a dose of Adderall, take it as soon as you remember.
But, if it’s time to take the next dose, skip it.
Do not double the dose to compensate for the missed one.