Amoxicillin is a common form of the brand drug Amoxil, a drug used to treat bacterial infections.
Doctors prescribe amoxicillin for the treatment of infections caused by bacteria that are sensitive to the drug, including staphylococcus and streptococcus.
The doctor can also prescribe amoxicillin for the treatment of infections of the skin, throat, ears, nose, stomach, lungs and urinary tract infections (UTIs).
However, the drug will not have the proper effect on infections caused by viruses, such as colds and flu.
In addition, doctors prescribe amoxicillin only in cases where the infection is bacterial.
The Food and Drug Administration (ACL) approved amoxicillin for the first time in the 1980s.
Today, many pharmaceutical companies produce this antibiotic: brand names include Amoxil, Polymox, Larotide and Mokstag.
It is important to remember that the course of treatment must be completed, even if you do not observe symptoms of the disease.
Without full treatment, your infection can worsen. The untimely cessation of the drug intake can also develop immunity in bacteria.
It is also important to understand that amoxicillin can cause a severe reaction called anaphylaxis if you are allergic to the drug.
Reactions that are life-threatening are swelling of the throat and shortness of breath.
Amoxicillin can also affect some types of contraceptive pills. Women who use birth control pills should consult a doctor before taking amoxicillin.
Elderly, lower doses of amoxicillin may be recommended.
Always tell your doctor if you are allergic to any medications, especially antibiotics.
Inform your doctor about all medicines, vitamins and supplements you are taking.
The use of amoxicillin can be risky, under certain conditions, so tell your doctor if you have:
- Kidney Diseases
- Diseases of the liver
- Phenylketonuria (PKU)
Amoxicillin and pregnancy
Inform the doctor if you are pregnant or plan a pregnancy, breastfeed and take birth control pills.
Although it is believed that amoxicillin is safe, consult a doctor if the risk of taking antibiotics during pregnancy is not justified.
In addition, tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding, because amoxicillin can be transmitted with breast milk and increase the risk of late allergic reaction in infants.
Amoxicillin for dogs
Amoxicillin is often prescribed for dogs and cats with bacterial infections.
Amoxi-Taps is one of the brands of this antibiotic. It is also available in capsule and liquid form.
Amoxicillin is usually well tolerated by most pets, and there are few side effects. The drug can be given with food.
Give amoxicillin to your dog or cat according to your veterinarian’s instructions and do not stop giving the drug until the entire course of treatment is complete.
Side effects of amoxicillin
Common side effects of amoxicillin include:
- Stomach upset
- Yeast Infections
There may also be serious side effects from amoxicillin.
If you have any of these side effects, stop taking amoxicillin and see a doctor right away:
- Severe rash
- Yellowing of the skin or eyes (jaundice)
- Unusual bleeding or bruising
- Excessive fatigue
- Swelling of the face, lips or tongue
- Thoracic pain
- Labored breathing
- Severe or bloody diarrhea
- to come back to the beginning
Interaction with other drugs
Some drugs can affect the work of amoxicillin, and amoxicillin can affect other drugs that you take, causing certain consequences.
It is very important that your doctor knows about all the medicines that you take, including any vitamins, herbs or supplements.
Amoxicillin affects the effectiveness of some contraceptive pills.
Drugs that interact with amoxicillin include:
- The drug, called allopurinol, is used to treat gout, high levels of uric acid in the body and kidney stones
- Another drug used to treat gout is called probenecid
- Other antibiotics, including chloramphenicol, sulfonamides, macrolides and tetracycline
If you are suffering from diabetes and checking your urine for sugar, you should know that taking amoxicillin can affect some urine tests.
Interaction with alcohol
Drinking alcohol when taking amoxicillin is usually considered safe, and this does not reduce the effectiveness of amoxicillin.
However, taking such antibiotics as amoxicillin can cause stomach upset, and alcohol can aggravate this effect.
Standard doses of amoxicillin.
The dosage will depend on the type of infection and the severity of your disease.
Children’s doses are determined by taking into account the weight of the child.
Amoxicillin is available in capsules as well as in tablets. Adults should take pills or capsules entirely, with a glass of water.
The total dose of amoxicillin for an adult with a mild to moderate infection of the ear, nose, or throat is 500 mg every 12 hours or 250 mg every 8 hours, until the end of treatment.
With a more severe infection, the total dose of amoxicillin is 875 mg every 12 hours or 500 mg every 8 hours.
The total dose of amoxicillin for a child (over 3 months old) with a lower respiratory tract infection is 40 mg per kilogram (kg) of body weight per day in divided doses every 8 hours.
It is rare.
If you observe symptoms of an overdose, immediately contact the emergency department.
It is not recommended to stop taking it yourself. Only in consultation with your doctor.
If you miss the drug, drink it as soon as you remember.
However, if you remembered by the time of the next dose, do not double the dose to make up the pass.