Aspirin is a drug used to treat fever, pain and inflammation in the body.
It also prevents blood clotting, stroke, chest pain and heart attack in a certain group of people.
This drug is found in many combination products.
Aspirin is in a group of drugs called salicylates, which work by stopping the production of prostaglandin – substances in the body that cause inflammation.
There is some evidence that aspirin can reduce the risk of developing cancer, especially colorectal cancer. Aspirin is also sometimes used to treat rheumatic fever (a condition that can develop after a strep throat) and Kawasaki disease (a disease that can cause heart problems in children).
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Bayer’s aspirin in 1965.
Before taking aspirin, tell your doctor if you have or have ever been observed:
- Nasal polyps
- Frequent heartburn, upset stomach or abdominal pain
- Diseases of the liver or kidneys
- Hemophilia (bleeding disorder) or any other bleeding
You should consult a doctor before giving aspirin to a child or teenager. The medicine can cause a serious, and sometimes fatal condition, known as Rye’s syndrome.
Tell your doctor that you are taking aspirin before doing any surgery, including dental procedures. In addition, tell your doctor that you are taking the drug before you pass the tests, because aspirin can affect the results.
You should not take aspirin to treat pain for more than 10 days or to treat a fever that lasts longer than three days, as this may indicate a more serious condition.
If you regularly take aspirin to prevent a heart attack or stroke, you should not take ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs such as naproxen or diclofenac) to eliminate pain without first discussing with your doctor.
Aspirin can cause gastrointestinal bleeding and ulcers. Elderly people are more priggering with side effects.
Pregnancy and Aspirin
Taking aspirin during pregnancy can harm the unborn child’s heart, reduce weight at birth or cause other unwanted effects. You should consult a doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant while taking aspirin.
The medicine can also be transmitted with breast milk and can harm the baby. When feeding, the drug should be stopped.
Aspirin for dogs and cats
Aspirin can be prescribed to dogs to relieve pain. Some veterinarians recommend using buffered aspirin (eg, Bufferin), obtained with food, to prevent digestive problems.
However, aspirin should be administered with extreme caution when it is prescribed to cats.
Small doses of aspirin can lead to loss of appetite, depression and vomiting. Consult your veterinarian before giving this medication to a dog or cat.
Aspirin side effects
Common side effects of aspirin
You should tell your doctor if any of the following side effects begin to progress:
- Abdominal pain
Serious side effects of aspirin
You should call your doctor immediately if you experience any of the following side effects:
- Hearing Loss
- Acne or rash
- Swelling of the eyes, face, lips, tongue, or throat
- Problems with breathing
- Heart palpitations or breathing
- Cold, clammy skin
- Blood vomiting
- Bright red blood in a stool or black or resinous stool
Interaction with other drugs.
You must tell your doctor about all prescription, non-prescription, herbal, food or dietary preparations that you take, especially:
- Acetazolamide (diamox)
- Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors such as benazepril (Lotensin), captopril (Capoten), enalapril (Vasotec), fosinopril (Monopril), lisinopril (Prinivil, Zestril), moexipril (Univasc), perindopril (Aceon), quinapril (Accupril) , ramipril (Altace) and trandolapril (Mavik)
- Anticoagulants (blood thinners), such as warfarin (coumadin) and heparin
- Beta-blockers, such as atenolol (Tenormin), labetalol (Normodyne), metoprolol (Lopressor, Toprol XL), nadolol (Corgard) and propranolol (Inderal)
- Diuretics (water tablets)
- Medications for the treatment of diabetes or arthritis
- Medications for gout, such as probenecid and sulfinpyrazone (anthuran)
- Methotrexate (Trexall)
- Other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as naproxen (Aleve, Narosin)
- Phenytoin (Dilantin)
- Valproic acid (Depakene, Depakote)
Interaction of Aspirin with Alcohol
Before taking aspirin, you should consult a doctor if you drink alcohol more than three times a day.
Alcohol and tobacco products may increase the risk of gastric bleeding when taking aspirin.
Aspirin is available as a regular tablet, chewable tablet, powder and rectal suppository.
Usually, with fever and pain, admission is prescribed every four to six hours. To reduce the risk of a heart attack or stroke, it is taken once a day. Standard doses range from 50 milligrams (mg) to 6,000 mg, daily.
Regular tablets should be washed with a glass of water. They do not have a quick effect after taking, so it is not recommended to drink them to relieve acute pain.
Chewable tablets can be crushed, chewed or swallowed whole. You should drink a full glass of water immediately after taking the medication in a bottomless form.
Overdosing with aspirin
Symptoms of an overdose of aspirin include stomach pain, nausea and vomiting, and ringing in the ears (tinnitus).
If you have symptoms of an overdose, immediately go to the emergency room.
Missed drug intake
If you miss taking aspirin, drink it as soon as you remember.
However, if you remembered by the time of the next dose, do not double the dose to make up the pass.