Cabergoline is a drug used to treat hyperprolactinaemia, a condition characterized by a high level of prolactin, a natural substance in the body that helps lactating women produce milk.
Too much prolactin can cause health problems in men and women who do not breast-feed.
Cabergoline can help treat symptoms associated with irregular menstruation, undesirable production of breast milk, infertility, loss of bone mass and sexual problems.
People with pituitary tumors also produce too much prolactin. Cabergoline is often used to treat this condition.
The drug is also sometimes used to treat Parkinson’s disease (a disorder of the nervous system that causes problems with movement, balance and muscle control)
Cabergoline is included in the class of drugs known as dopamine receptor agonists. It works by reducing the level of prolactin in the body.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Kabergoline in 1996. The general form of this drug is produced by various pharmaceutical companies.
Warnings about Kabergolin
Before taking Cabergoline, tell your doctor if you have or have ever had:
- High blood pressure
- Heart disease
- Liver disease
- Allergy to medicines
Cabergoline may cause dizziness or fainting if you get too fast from lying down.
To avoid these problems, slowly get up from bed and rest by putting your feet on the floor for several minutes before getting up.
Some people who take Cabergoline experience behavioral changes, such as an obsessive desire to play gambling or a sense of sexual motivation.
These effects usually disappear when the drug is discontinued.
Call your doctor if you experience any unusual motivation or behavior.
Tell your doctor that you are taking Cabergoline before performing any surgery, including a dental procedure.
Your doctor will probably want to take frequent tests to check your body’s reaction to Cabergoline.
Pregnancy and Cabergoline
Cabergoline is unlikely to harm an unborn baby, but be sure to tell your doctor if you are pregnant or can become pregnant while taking this medication.
It is not known whether Cabergoline can penetrate into breast milk.
Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding or plan to breast-feed while taking this medication, as this may slow or stop the production of breast milk.
Side effects of Cabergoline
Tell your doctor if any of the following side effects become serious or persistent:
- Stomach upset
- Numbness, burning or tingling in the hands or feet
Serious side effects
Immediately notify your doctor if you experience any of the symptoms listed in the “Alerts” section above, or any of the following serious side effects:
- Inconsistent Breath
- Thoracic pain
- Persistent cough
- Difficulty breathing in lying position
- Painful menstruation
- Chest pain
- Decreased urination
- Swelling of the hands, feet, ankles or legs
- Unexpected, unexplained weight gain
- Pain in the side, back or groin
- Eye problems
- Pain in the area of the stomach
- Unusual or severe fatigue
- Mood Changes
- Symptoms of an allergic reaction (may include hives, rash, itching, chest tightness, or swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat)
Inform your doctor about all prescription, non-prescription, illegal, recreational, herbal, dietary or dietary preparations that you are taking, especially:
- Ergot preparations, such as Cafergot and Ergomar (ergotamine), DHE 45 and Migranal (dihydroergotamine), or metergin (methylergonovine)
- Haldol (haloperidol)
- Medications from high blood pressure, mental illness or nausea
- Navane (thiothixene)
- Parkopa, Sinemet and Stalevo (levodopa)
- Raglan (metoclopramide)
Cabergoline and other interactions
Cabergoline may cause dizziness or drowsiness.
Do not lead or do actions that require vigilance until you know how this medicine affects you.
Cabergoline and alcohol
Alcohol can worsen certain side effects of Cabergoline.
Talk with your doctor before drinking alcohol while taking this medication.
Cabergoline is supplied as a tablet for oral administration. Usually it is taken with food or without food twice a week.
Your doctor is likely to start with a low dose of the drug and gradually increase it.
When taking this medicine, carefully follow the instructions on the label with the recipe.
Do not take more or less Cabergoline than recommended.
Do not stop taking this medicine without first talking to your doctor.
Overdose of Cabergoline
Symptoms of overdose Cabergoline may include:
- Nasal congestion
If you suspect an overdose, immediately contact a poison control center or an emergency room.
Missed dose of Cabergoline
If you miss a dose of Kabergoline, take it as soon as you remember.
But call your doctor for instructions, if you missed the dose, it’s close time to taking the next one.
Do not take a double dose of Kabergoline.