Erythromycin sold under the trade names Ery-Tab, Akne-Mycin, EES Eryc and Pediamycin, is an antibiotic.
The drug is prescribed for infections such as pneumonia, whooping cough (whooping cough), sexually transmitted diseases, Legionnaires’ disease, urinary tract infection (UTI) and acne.
Erythromycin belongs to a group of drugs known as macrolide antibiotics that work by stopping bacteria from creating proteins that they need to survive and function normally.
Erythromycin was first approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 1967 under the trademark Iloson, which was manufactured by Eli Lilly.
You should not take Erythromycin if:
- You are allergic to Erythromycin or any of its inactive ingredients
- You are taking medications that can change the activity of the heart
Talk with your doctor before taking Erythromycin if you:
- Have an irregular heartbeat, including arrhythmia
- You take colchicine
- Take medications that interact with Erythromycin
- Have liver disease
Erythromycin can cause sudden death if you take other medicines that are also destroyed by the liver.
Taking Erythromycin for a long period of time can make you more prone to developing infections caused by bacteria or fungi that are much harder to treat.
Pregnancy and Erythromycin
Erythromycin is a category B drug, which means that it must be safe to use during pregnancy.
Regardless, you should tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant before taking this medication.
Since it was found that Erythromycin enters breast milk, it is best to tell your doctor if you are breastfeeding or plan to breast-feed.
Side effects of Erythromycin
Common side effects
Serious side effects
- Severe inflammation of the colon caused by the use of antibiotics (pseudomembranous colitis)
- Inflammation of the liver
- Infection of the kidneys
- Abdominal pain
If you have diarrhea, gas or vomiting, stop taking Erythromycin immediately and consult a doctor.
It is always important to share with your doctor and pharmacist all prescription, non-prescription, illegal, recreational, herbal, nutritional or dietary medicines that you take.
You should not take Erythromycin if you are taking the following drugs:
- Mevacor (lovastatin)
- Zocor (simvastatin)
- Orak (pimozide)
If possible, ask your doctor about other antibiotics that you can take instead of Erythromycin if you take one of the following:
- Medications for irregular heartbeat, such as Betapace or Betapace AF (sotalol), procainamide, caucasian (ibutilide) and (Norpace) disopyramide
- Arsenic trioxide
- Migranal (ergotamine)
- Diflucan (fluconazole)
- Drugs against HIV / AIDS, such as Sustiva (efavirenz) and Lexiva (fosamprenavir)
- Contraceptives containing any form of estrogen
Erythromycin and alcohol
There are no specific warnings about alcohol use when taking Erythromycin, but there is some evidence that alcohol can lead to a delay in the assimilation of the antibiotic.
Therefore, you should talk with your doctor about avoiding or restricting alcohol consumption while taking Erythromycin.
Erythromycin and grapefruit juice
You should avoid the use of grapefruit and its juice when taking Erythromycin.
Grapefruit juice slows down the process when the body is able to destroy Erythromycin, which can lead to an increase in the level of Erythromycin in the blood.
This can be life threatening because Erythromycin can alter the heart rate and / or heart activity.
Dosage of Erythromycin
Erythromycin is available in many different dosage forms, including cream, gel, tablet and intravenous injection solution.
Depending on the condition, doses of Erythromycin tend to vary from the following:
- 250 milligrams (mg) to 500 mg, every 6 to 12 hours
- 500 mg every 12 hours
- 333 mg every eight hours
When taking the pill, be sure to take the medicine exactly as your doctor or pharmacist has prescribed.
Do not forget to finish the whole recipe – even if you start to feel better or your symptoms disappear. Otherwise, the infection may return and may become much more difficult to treat.
Overdose with Erythromycin
If you suspect an overdose, immediately contact a poison control center or an emergency room. You can contact the toxicology department
The missed dose of Erythromycin
If you missed a dose of Erythromycin, try to take it as soon as you remember.
However, if it is time for the next dose, skip it and resume the regular dosing schedule. Do not double the dose to make up the missed one.