Galantamine improves the function of nerve cells in the brain. It works by preventing the destruction of a chemical called acetylcholine. People with dementia usually have lower levels of this chemical, which is important for memory processes, thinking and reasoning.
Galantamine is used to treat dementia and Alzheimer’s disease.
Galantamine may also be used for purposes not listed in this manual.
Follow all directions on the label and package. Tell each of your health care providers about all of your medical conditions, allergies and all the medicines that you use.
You should not use galantamine if you are allergic to it.
To make sure that Galantamine is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have:
- problems with urination;
- heart disease or heart rhythm disorder;
- history of a stomach ulcer or bleeding;
- convulsions or epilepsy;
- kidney disease;
- liver disease;
- history of asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
It is not known whether this medicine harms the unborn child. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.
It is unknown whether Galantamine passes into breast milk and whether it can affect the infant. Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding.
Galantamine: Side Effects
Obtain immediate medical attention if you have signs of an allergic reaction: shortness of breath; swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Galantamine can cause serious skin reactions. Stop using this medication and consult a doctor immediately if you have the first signs of any rash on the skin.
Call your doctor right away if you have:
- chest pain, slow heart rate;
- problems with urination;
- blood in the urine;
- signs of bleeding in the stomach;
- problems with the liver;
- symptoms of dehydration;
- frivolous feeling as you might die;
- a strong reaction to the skin.
Common side effects may include:
- nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite;
- headache, dizziness;
- weight loss.
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may also occur. Ask your doctor about side effects.
This drug may damage your thinking or reactions. Be careful if you drive or do something that requires you to be careful.
Tell your doctor about all your current medications and what you start or stop using, especially:
- antihistamine (Benadryl et al);
- drugs for the treatment of Parkinson’s disease;
- drugs for the treatment of excess acid in the stomach, stomach ulcers and irritable bowel syndrome;
- darifenacin, fesoterodine, oxybutynin, tolterodine, solifenacin;
- bronchodilators – aclidinium, ipratropium or tiotropium;
This list is not complete. Other drugs can also interact with Galantamine, including prescription and over-the-counter medications, vitamins and plant products. Not all possible interactions are listed in this manual.
Dosage of Galantamine
Follow all directions of the recipe. Your doctor can sometimes change your dose to make sure that you get the best results. Do not use this medicine in larger or smaller quantities, or longer than recommended.
Galantamine capsules with prolonged action, as a rule, are taken once a day in the morning. Follow the instructions of your doctor.
A tablet of Galantamine or an oral solution (liquid) is usually taken twice a day while eating. Follow the instructions of your doctor.
The extended-release capsule works best if you take it with food.
Do not crush, chew, break or open the extended-release capsule. Swallow it whole.
Measure the liquid medicine with a dosing syringe, a special dosing spoon or a cup. If you do not have a device for measuring the dose, ask your pharmacist.
Read all the information on the product and the instructions provided to you. If you have any questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Take Galantamine with a full glass of water. Drink 6 to 8 full glasses of water each day to avoid dehydration when taking this medication.
If you need surgery, tell the surgeon in advance that you are using Galantamine. You may need to stop using the medication for a short time.
If you stop taking Galantamine for any reason, talk with your doctor before starting taking it again.
Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat. Do not allow liquid medicine to freeze.
Symptoms of overdose may include severe nausea, vomiting, cramps in the abdomen, muscle weakness or spasm, salivation, increased urination, sweating, slowing of the heart rhythm, syncope, and convulsions.
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip it if it’s time to take the next scheduled dose. Do not take additional medication to compensate for the missed dose.