Indapamide is a drug used to treat high blood pressure.
It is also given to people with swelling (fluid retention) due to congestive heart disease or other health conditions.
Indapamide is a diuretic that helps the kidneys rid the body of unnecessary water and salt.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Indapamide in 1983. It is produced by various pharmaceutical companies as a general medicinal product (no brand version).
Before taking Indapamide, tell your doctor if you have or have ever had:
- Gout (type of arthritis caused by the accumulation of uric acid crystals in the joints)
- Any type of heart problem
- Kidney disease
- Liver disease
- Urination problems
- Lupus (chronic inflammatory disease)
- Diseases of the thyroid or parathyroid gland
- Low levels of sodium or potassium in the blood
- Constant vomiting
- A neurosurgical procedure known as sympathectomy
- Allergy to any medicine
Indapamide can affect the level of sugar in the blood. If you have diabetes, carefully monitor your condition when using this medication.
Let your doctor know that you are taking indapamide before taking any medical or dental procedures.
Also tell your doctor if you are currently on a low-salt diet.
Your doctor may recommend that you take a specific diet and exercise plan while taking indapamide. Follow these instructions carefully.
Try to avoid dehydration when using Indapamide. Ask your doctor how much fluid you should consume throughout the day.
This medicine can make the skin more sensitive to sunlight. Avoid unnecessary exposure to the sun, and wear protective clothing outdoors.
Your doctor will want to conduct frequent tests to check your body’s reaction to Indapamide.
Pregnancy and Indapamide
Indapamide should be taken during pregnancy only when clearly needed.
Tell your doctor if you become pregnant while using this medication. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of taking indapamide during pregnancy.
It is not known whether this drug enters the breast milk. Do not breast-feed while using Indapamide.
Indapamide: side effects
Common side effects
Tell your doctor if any of the following side effects become serious or persistent:
- Frequent urination (this symptom should decrease after several weeks of treatment)
- Slight dizziness or dizziness (especially when standing or sitting)
- Easy diarrhea
- Runny nose
- Problems with sleep
- Stomach upset
- Decreased sexual ability
Serious side effects
Immediately notify your doctor if you experience the following serious side effects:
- Thoracic pain
- Blurred vision
- Urine of dark color
- Decreased urination or trouble urinating
- Pale stools
- Dry mouth
- Fast or irregular heartbeat
- Fever, chills, cough or sore throat
- Increased thirst
- Loss of appetite
- Numbness in hands or feet
- Severe dizziness, drowsiness, or lightheadedness
- Severe pain in the stomach
- Red, swollen, flaky or bubbly skin
- Swelling of the hands, ankles, or feet
- Muscle pain, weakness, or spasms
- Mental changes or mood changes
- Unusual slowness, fatigue or weakness
- Unusual bruising or bleeding
- Symptoms of anaphylaxis, which may include a rash, hives, itching, shortness of breath, chest tightness, or swelling of the face, mouth, lips, or tongue
Tell your doctor about all the medications that you take, especially:
- Other medicines for high blood pressure
- Corticosteroids such as prednisone
- Lanoxin (digoxin)
- Indocin (indomethacin)
- Lithobide (lithium)
- Benemid (probenecid)
Indapamide and other interactions
Indapamide can cause you drowsiness.
Do not drive or perform actions that require vigilance until you know how this medicine affects you.
Indapamide and alcohol
Alcohol can worsen certain side effects of indapamide.
Avoid drinking alcohol while using this medication.
The dosage of Indapamide
Indapamide is supplied in the form of a pill, which must be taken through the mouth, usually once a day in the morning.
Your dose will depend on the state of your health and the response to treatment.
You can take this medicine with or without food.
First, indapamide may cause you to urinate more often.
You can take the dose until 6 pm. so as not to disturb your sleep with the urge to urinate.
Follow the instructions on the label carefully. Do not take more or less Indapamide than recommended.
Continue taking indapamide even if you feel well. Do not stop treatment without first talking to your doctor.
Symptoms of an overdose of Indapamide may include:
If you suspect an overdose, immediately contact a poison control center or an emergency room.
You can contact the Toxicology Center
The missed dose of Indapamide
If you miss the dose of Indapamide, take it as soon as you remember.
Forget the missed dose if it’s time for the next scheduled dose.
Do not double the dose to make up the missed one.