Ivermectin is the generic name for the prescription drug Stromectol, also available as Sklice and Cream (Soolantra).
Doctors prescribe Ivermectin for the treatment of parasites in the intestines, lice on the head and in the pubic region.
Ivermectin belongs to the group of drugs known as antiparasitic agents. It works by increasing the amount of chloride that flows into the parasite’s nervous system, which ultimately paralyzes and kills it.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Ivermectin for the first time under the Stromectol brand in 1996. MerckSharpe & Dohme produces it.
You should not take Ivermectin if you are allergic to Ivermectin or any ingredients in the drug.
Talk to your doctor before taking Ivermectin if you have asthma or a skin condition called onohodermitis.
Pregnancy and Ivermectin
Ivermectin has not been well studied in pregnant women.
Before taking Ivermectin, talk with your doctor about whether the benefits of the drug exceed the potential risks for your unborn child.
Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, plan a pregnancy or breast-feed before taking Ivermectin.
Ivermectin for dogs and cats
Veterinarians often prescribe Ivermectin (under the brand names Heartgard, Ivomec, Iverhart, etc.) for dogs and cats.
The drug is used to treat parasitic infections, such as the heartworm, scabies and ear mites.
Low doses of Ivermectin are usually considered safe for animals.
However, Ivermectin is not suitable for all dogs. Some have a mutated gene (MDR-1), which makes the dog particularly sensitive to the toxicity of Ivermectin.
In dogs with this mutation, Ivermectin can penetrate the brain and nervous system with deadly consequences.
There are some breeds of dogs that are more sensitive to Ivermectin than others. These include the Australian and German shepherds and collies.
Ivermectin: side effects
Common side effects
Side effects vary depending on the form that you use. They include the following:
- Itching and rash
- Inflammation of the eye or discomfort
- Dizziness and lowering blood pressure
- Severe heartbeat
- Changes in functional liver tests
Cream and lotion preparations of Ivermectin can cause an itch or a burn on your skin.
Serious side effects
The following side effects are commonly found on tablets of ivermectin (Stromectol):
- Sudden drop in blood pressure and dizziness
- Asthma attack
- Change in vision, including vision loss
- Infection of the liver
Inform your doctor and pharmacist of all the medicines you take.
This includes recipes and over-the-counter medications, vitamins and other nutritional supplements (nutritional cocktails, protein powders, etc.), herbal remedies, illegal and recreational drugs.
Ivermectin and alcohol
You should avoid or limit alcohol consumption during Ivermectin intake, because the combination may increase the risk of serious side effects of the drug.
Ivermectin and grapefruit juice
Grapefruit juice slows down the process when the body is able to destroy Ivermectin, which can lead to the fact that the level of the drug in the blood will become dangerously high.
Do not eat grapefruit or grapefruit juice while you are taking Ivermectin.
Ivermectin is available in the form of a pill, lotion and cream.
Your doctor will determine how much you should take the drug on the basis of your body and the condition that is being treated.
Always take Ivermectin on an empty stomach.
To treat scabies and lice, doctors can prescribe a cream.
Sklice is a lotion.
Make sure that the area where you apply the cream or lotion is clean and completely dry before applying.
Be sure to wash your hands thoroughly after you apply any product to the skin.
If you think you have used too much Ivermectin, immediately go to the emergency room or the toxicology center.
Missed dose of Ivermectin
If you miss a dose of Ivermectin, use it as soon as you remember.
If it’s time for the next dose, skip it and take the next dose in regular time. Do not double your dose.