Lactulose drug has several brand names, including Generlac and Enulose, and is used to treat constipation.
Lactulose is a type of sugar that is split in the large intestine.
Doctors also prescribe a medicine to reduce the amount of ammonia in the blood of people with liver disease.
Before taking lactulose, you should warn your doctor if you have diabetes.
You should stop using lactulose and call your doctor right away if you experience serious or persistent diarrhea.
You may not have a bowel movement within 48 hours after taking this medication.
If you take lactulose for a long period of time, your doctor may want to perform certain laboratory tests to check the reaction of your body. Do not miss the scheduled meetings.
Inform your health care provider that you are taking this medication before surgery.
Pregnancy and lactulose
Lactulose should not harm an unborn baby. You should tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant while taking this medication.
It is not known whether lactulose enters breast milk and whether it can harm a breastfeeding baby. You should not use this medication during breastfeeding without first talking to your doctor.
Lactulose for cats and dogs
Lactulose is not approved by the FDA for use in animals, but veterinarians usually prescribe the medicine as a laxative for cats and dogs.
Side Effects of Lactulose
You should tell your doctor if any of the following side effects is serious or does not disappear:
Serious side effects
Stop taking lactulose and consult a doctor immediately if you experience the following serious side effects:
- Abdominal pain
- Stomach cramps
- Severe or persistent diarrhea
You should always tell your doctor about any medications that you take, especially:
- Antibiotics, including neomycin (Mizipradin)
- Other laxatives
Dosage of lactulose
Lactulose is produced in the form of liquid or crystals, which must be taken orally. It can also be administered rectally as an enema for the treatment of symptoms associated with liver disease.
The drug is usually taken once a day with constipation and three to four times a day in people with liver disease, usually 30 ml at a time (about 2 tablespoons).
You can mix your liquid dose with half a glass of water, fruit juice or milk to improve the taste.
Measure the liquid medicine with a special cup for measuring the dose, and not with a regular tablespoon. You can ask your pharmacist about the device if you do not have it.
The liquid may become slightly darker in color. This is a harmless effect, but you should not use the medicine if it becomes very dark.
If you use crystals in bags, dissolve the contents in half a glass of water or as your doctor instructs you.
You should carefully follow the instructions on the product label and ask your doctor to explain any instructions that you do not understand. Never take more or less of a drug than recommended.
Overdose with lactulose
Symptoms of overdose include the following:
- Increased urination
- Muscle weakness
If you suspect an overdose, you should immediately contact a toxicology center or an emergency room.
The missed dose of lactulose
If you miss a dose of lactulose, take it as soon as you remember.
However, if the next dose comes, skip it and continue your regular medication schedule. Do not take an extra dose to make up for the missed one.