Lantus is a brand of insulin glargine, a long-acting insulin used to treat adults and children with type 1 diabetes and adults with type 2 diabetes to control high blood sugar levels.
Lantus replaces insulin, which your body no longer produces. Insulin is a natural substance that allows your body to convert sugar into energy and helps store it for later use. In type 2 diabetes, your body does not produce enough insulin, or the resulting insulin is not used properly, causing an increase in blood sugar. Like other types of insulin, Lantus is used to normalize blood sugar levels.
Controlling high blood sugar levels helps prevent kidney damage, blindness, problems with nerves, loss of limbs and sexual dysfunction. It has also been shown that proper control of diabetes reduces the risk of a heart attack or stroke.
Lantus is intended for use along with a proper diet and exercise program recommended by your doctor.
Lantus is produced by Sanofi-Aventis. It was approved for use by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2000 as the first human long-acting insulin, administered once a day with a 24-hour sugar reduction effect.
You will be taught how to correctly administer this drug, since this is the only way to use it. Do not inject cold insulin, because it can be painful. Always wash your hands before measuring insulin injections. Lantus is always transparent and colorless;
Do not use Lantus for the treatment of diabetic ketoacidosis. To treat this condition, short-acting insulin is used.
Other medical problems may affect the use of this medication, so be sure to tell your doctor your complete medical history. For example, in liver disease, the Lantus effect may be increased, and the amount of Lantus or other insulin may need to be adjusted.
The following conditions increase the level of sugar in the blood and may increase the amount of insulin:
- Emotional disorders
Lantus: side effects
Using too much medicine can lead to a decrease in blood sugar, which can cause the following symptoms:
- Cold sweats
- Blurred vision
- Dizziness or drowsiness
- Rapid heartbeat
- Tingling of hands / feet
Not using a sufficient amount of a drug can lead to an increase in blood sugar, which can cause the following symptoms:
- Increased urination
- Rapid breathing
Tell your doctor if there is any of these symptoms, because you may need to change the dosage of Lantus.
Serious side effects:
A very serious allergic reaction is rare. Seek immediate medical attention if you notice any of the following signs of a serious allergic reaction:
- Itching / swelling (especially face, tongue or throat)
- Severe dizziness
- Labored breathing
This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
Lantus and other drug interactions
When you are taking Lantus, it is especially important that your doctor knows if you are taking metaleptin (Myalept). The use of Lantus with metreleptin is usually not recommended, but may be required. If both drugs are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or frequency of use of the drug.
Using Lantus with any of the following medicines may cause an increased risk of certain side effects.
- Iproniazide (Marsilide)
- Isocarboxazide (Marplan)
- Linezolid (Zyvox)
- Moclobemide (Aurorix)
- Nialamide (Niamid)
- Fenelzin (Nardil)
- Procarbazine (Matulane, Matulane)
- Rasagiline (Azilect)
- Selegiline (Emsem)
- Trannylcypromine (Parnate)
A medicine that can affect the dosage of Lantus is called rosiglitazone (Avandia). Tell your doctor if you are taking this medication before taking Lantus.
Beta-blockers, such as metoprolol (Lopressor, Toprol), propranolol (Inderal, InnoPran, Pronol) and eye drops from glaucoma, can prevent frequent heartbeat, which often signals low blood sugar.
Other drugs can increase or decrease the effectiveness of insulin in lowering blood sugar. Tell your doctor about all of your medicines that you take.
Your doctor can recommend a diet if you take Lantus or any other insulin.
The amount of food you eat can affect your insulin needs. If you eat less food, skip meals or eat more than usual, you may need another dose of insulin. Talk with your health care provider if you change your diet so you know how to set up your intake of Lantus and other doses of insulin.
Alcohol, including beer and wine, can affect the work of Lantus and can affect blood sugar levels. Avoid drinking alcohol if you are taking Lantus.
Exercise or increased activity can also change the way your body uses insulin. Your dose may need to be adjusted if you start or change the exercise program.
Lantus is a long-acting insulin that lasts about 24 hours. You may need to use Lantus in combination with another type of insulin or with the type of oral diabetic medication to keep blood sugar under control.
Lantus injection is available as:
- 10 ml (ml) vial (1000 units / 10 ml)
- 3 ml cartridge systems for use only in OptiClik (300 pcs / 3 ml)
- 3 ml of a disposable insulin apparatus SoloStar (300 units / 3 ml)
The dosage of Lantus is based on your medical condition and your response to treatment. Your doctor will give you instructions on how much Lantus should be taken on a daily basis.
Lantus can be administered at any time of the day, but it should be taken at the same time each day. If you use insulin therapy, it is important to monitor blood glucose levels.
If you have type 1 diabetes, your doctor will prescribe Lantus with short-acting insulin. If you have type 2 diabetes, your doctor can start with a dose of 10 units per day, and then adjust the Lantus according to your needs.
Missed dose of Lantus
It is very important to follow your insulin regimen exactly. Do not skip doses. Keep extra insulin and an extra syringe and needle at hand. Talk with your doctor about what to do if you miss a dose, because the treatment depends on your condition.