Meloxicam, sold under the trademark Mobic, is a prescription drug used to treat pain and inflammation.
Meloxicam is prescribed for people who have swelling and pain caused by inflammation of osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and juvenile rheumatoid and idiopathic arthritis (JRA / JIA).
Meloxicam, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), works by blocking the enzymes responsible for manufacturing prostaglandins, compounds that contribute to inflammation, especially inflammation of the joints.
By reducing the level of prostaglandins, you can reduce inflammation and other symptoms.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the Meloxicam in April 2000.
Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals produces the brand name Mobic, while other manufacturers produce a common form.
If you have asthma or other allergic reactions after taking aspirin or any other NSAID, you should not use Meloxicam.
Be sure to tell your doctor if you have any of these problems in the past.
Never use Meloxicam directly before or after a heart surgery, called a shunt coronary artery bypass graft (CABG).
You also can not be a candidate for the use of this drug if you have had ulcers, bleeding in the stomach, or serious kidney or liver problems.
Keep in mind that gastric ulcers and stomach bleeding can occur at any time during treatment with any NSAID, including Meloxicam.
Keep in mind that stomach ulcers and bleeding can occur without warning symptoms and can lead to death.
The chance of developing a gastric ulcer or gastrointestinal bleeding increases with the following factors:
- Take medications for blood thinning, such as corticosteroids and anticoagulants
- Longer use
- Old age
- Poor health
- Alcohol consumption
Some people will have a warning about a stomach bleeding in the form of burning pain in the stomach, black stools or vomiting. If you experience any of these symptoms, consult a doctor.
It is also possible to maintain liver damage by taking NSAIDS, like Meloxicam.
Warning signs of liver damage include nausea, vomiting, fatigue, loss of appetite, pruritus, jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes), and dark urine.
The medication can also lead to a delay and swelling of the fluid, which can contribute to heart failure.
Meloxicam is associated with an increased risk of heart attack, stroke and high blood pressure. Long-term use can increase these risks.
To ensure your safety when taking this medication, tell your doctor if you have any of the following conditions:
- A history of a heart attack, a stroke or a blood clot
- Heart disease, congestive heart failure or high blood pressure
- History of stomach ulcers or bleeding
- Diseases of the liver or kidneys
- A seizure disorder, such as epilepsy
- Polyps in the nose
- Smoking of tobacco
You should talk with your doctor or pharmacist before using other medications to treat colds, allergies or pain medications, because drugs like Meloxicam exist in many combination medicines.
If you are taking Meloxicam, carefully check the labels of other products that you are taking to see if they also contain NSAIDs, such as aspirin, Ibuprofen, Ketoprofen or Naproxen.
Taking too much NSAID can lead to serious side effects, such as a stomach ulcer, gastrointestinal bleeding or cardiovascular problems.
Meloxicam and pregnancy
Pregnant women are advised to avoid taking Meloxicam, especially at the end of their pregnancy, unless their doctor has determined potential benefits that outweigh the potential risks to the fetus.
Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant while taking Meloxicam, as this may worsen your fertility and / or harm the unborn baby.
It is not known whether the medicine will pass into breast milk.
Nevertheless, during breastfeeding, you should avoid the use of pills, so tell your doctor if you are breastfeeding or plan to do so.
Never give Meloxicam a child under the age of two without first contacting a doctor.
Meloxicam for dogs and cats
Meloxicam can be prescribed to dogs and cats to cope with their pain and inflammation.
Because of the increased risk of side effects in cats, Meloxicam has limited use in cats and is usually prescribed only as a single dose.
Side effects may include loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, bleeding and stomach ulcers.
Meloxicam Side Effects
Patients taking Meloxicam may experience a wide range of side effects, including these less serious conditions:
- Heartburn, diarrhea
- Bloating, gas, constipation
- Stomach upset, nausea, vomiting
- Dizziness, headache
If you notice any signs of anaphylaxis (severe allergic reaction), such as hives, shortness of breath, swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat, seek immediate help immediately.
Stop taking Meloxicam and call your doctor right away if you have any of the following problems:
- Chest pain, weakness, shortness of breath, slurred speech, problems with vision or balance
- Black, bloody or tarry stools
- Coughing up blood or vomiting, which is similar to coffee grounds
- Swelling or rapid weight gain
- Nausea, pain in the upper stomach, itching, loss of appetite, dark urine, stools of clay or jaundice
- Skin rashes, bruises, severe tingling, numbness, pain, muscle weakness
- A strong skin reaction accompanied by fever, sore throat, swelling in the face or tongue, burning eyes, skin pain accompanied by a red or purple skin rash that spreads (especially on the face or upper body) and causes blistering and flaking
There may be other serious problems that are not on the list, so it is recommended that you talk with your doctor about all the side effects.
Provide a detailed list of all your medicines to your doctor, including prescription and non-prescription drugs, along with vitamins and herbal supplements.
Meloxicam can increase the level of lithium (Eskalith, Lithobid) in the blood, reducing the release of the drug by the kidneys. These elevated levels can lead to lithium toxicity.
Meloxicam can reduce the effectiveness of drugs that reduce blood pressure.
If you combine Meloxicam with Methotrexate (Rheumatrex, Trexall) or aminoglycosides, such as Gentamicin (Garamycin), your blood levels of methotrexate or aminoglycoside may increase, leading to an increase in side effects associated with methotrexate or aminoglycoside.
Meloxicam increases the negative effect of cyclosporine on kidney function while reducing the effect of Furosemide (Lasix) and thiazide diuretics.
In addition, if you are taking blood thinners such as Aspirin, Warfarin (Coumadin) or Clavidogrel (Plavix), you should avoid Meloxicam because it also dilutes blood.
In addition, the use of corticosteroids, such as Prednisone, may also increase the risk of bleeding.
Those who suffer from asthma or other allergic reactions to aspirin and other NSAIDs should avoid taking Meloxicam.
If you are taking aspirin with this medication, you may have an increased risk of developing gastrointestinal ulcers, and Meloxicam may decrease the effectiveness of Aspirin.
People can increase the risk of getting a stomach if they consume more than three alcoholic drinks a day when using Meloxicam or other NSAIDs.
Meloxicam may not work if you use Questran, Colestipol (Colestid) and Colesevelam (Welchol), since these drugs prevent it from being absorbed from the intestine.
Finally, Meloxicam contains sorbitol, and combining sodium polystyrene sulfonate (Kayexalate) with sorbitol can cause fatal necrosis of the intestine.
It is therefore extremely important that you do not combine this medicine with Kayexalate.
Meloxicam and alcohol
Avoid drinking alcohol while taking Meloxicam, as it may increase the risk of bleeding in the stomach.
Dosage of Meloxicam
Generally speaking, the daily recommended dose of Meloxicam is 7.5 mg.
Your doctor may increase the dosage to 15 mg.
Meloxicam should be taken exactly as prescribed, at the lowest dose possible for your treatment, and as soon as possible.
Take Meloxicam with a glass of water. Swallow the whole tablet; Do not chew it and do not dissolve it in your mouth.
You can take Meloxicam with and without food. Taking it with food can help prevent upset stomach.
In addition, wait at least 30 minutes after taking Meloxicam before you lie down to prevent indigestion.
Overdosing with Meloxicam
It is important to take this and other medications as prescribed. If you feel that you receive too much time, emergency assistance.
Symptoms of an overdose may include symptoms associated with asthma, nausea, vomiting, gastritis and abdominal pain or burning sensation.
Missed dose of Meloxicam
If you accidentally miss a dose of Meloxicam, take it as soon as you remember.
If you do not remember until the next day, forget about the missed dose and keep drinking on schedule.
Never take a double dose of Meloxicam.