Naproxen sodium is an ingredient in Aleve and in other analgesics.
Naproxen relates to a class of drugs known as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), which work by blocking the formation of prostaglandins, substances in the body that play a role in pain and inflammation.
Naproxen has been used in the United States since 1980. It is available in general and under many brands.
After 14 years as a medicine, prescription, in 1994. Naproxen has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as a non-prescription (OTC) product.
The most famous brand of OTC Naproxen is Aleve, created by BayerHealthcare.
Other brand names for Naproxen include Anaprox DS, Napraplan, Anaprox, EC-Naprosyn.
As a prescription drug, naproxen is supplied as tablets or as a liquid.
The tablets can be coated to protect your stomach, or they can be sustained release tablets that need to be taken only once a day.
Naproxen is often used to treat joint pain, menstrual pain, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, ankylosing spondylitis, juvenile arthritis, tendinitis and bursitis.
Naproxen is commonly used to relieve pain, swelling, fever, colds and flu symptoms and headaches.
Naproxen may increase the risk of heart attacks and stroke.
The risk of heart attack and stroke is higher if you have risk factors for heart disease.
Naproxen can cause ulcers and bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract (GI). The ulcer and risk of bleeding is higher if you are an elderly person.
Since older people are more likely to have side effects, you should take a minimally effective dose if you are over 65 years old.
This drug is not recommended for children under 2 years of age.
Always tell your doctor if you are taking Naproxen before a surgical procedure, including a dental operation.
Before taking naproxen, it is important to tell your doctor or pharmacist of any allergies to NSAIDs.
In addition to strokes, heart disease and gastrointestinal bleeding in other settings, there are also warnings related to the use of naproxen, so tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any of these symptoms:
- High blood pressure
- Fluid retention
- Kidney disease
- Liver disease
- The respite
- Nasal congestion or polyps of the nose
- Stomach ulcer
- Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)
Naproxen and pregnancy
Naproxen can harm a developing fetus and should not be used in later stages of pregnancy.
There is some evidence that naproxen may cause problems for infant development and increase the risk of maternal bleeding during childbirth.
Naproxen and breastfeeding
Studies of the use of naproxen by women who are breastfed are incompatible.
Some evidence suggests that naproxen is safe for a nursing mother in moderate doses if her baby is at least a month old.
Nevertheless, the American Academy of Family Physicians warns that naproxen may accumulate in an infant if the nursing mother uses the drug for a long period of time.
Ask your doctor if it is safe to use naproxen during breastfeeding. There may be safer alternatives for you and your nursing baby.
Naproxen Side Effects
The side effects of naproxen are more frequent if you need to take this medication for a long period of time.
Complaints about the digestive system are the most common side effects of naproxen. Which include:
- Abdominal pain
- Skin rash
- Fluid retention
- Inconsistent Breath
If you have any side effects, stop taking naproxen and consult a doctor.
The serious side effects of naproxen, which you should immediately call your doctor, include:
- Symptoms of an allergic reaction, such as rash, itching, wheezing, swelling, or difficulty breathing
- Digestive symptoms, such as abdominal pain, black or bloody bowel movements
- Symptoms of a stroke, such as one-sided weakness, changes in balance or vision, or problems with balance, conversation, or thinking
- Heart problems such as chest pain, shortness of breath, abnormal heartbeat or sudden fluid buildup
- Other problems, such as darkening of the urine, loss of appetite, yellow skin or eyes (jaundice), bad headache, seizures, decreased urination, any bruising or bleeding, severe back pain, chills and fever
Interactions with Naproxen
Always tell your doctor or pharmacist about any medications that you take, including other prescription drugs, other over-the-counter drugs and any vitamins, supplements or herbal remedies.
It is known that some drugs interact with naproxen and can cause problems:
- Naproxen can interact with several types of drugs to restore blood pressure and make them less effective.
- Some types of antacid drugs can make naproxen less effective.
- Naproxen should be taken very carefully with other NSAIDs, including aspirin.
- Naproxen may decrease the effectiveness of certain diuretics.
- Naproxen can increase the toxicity of lithium and increase the risk of lithium’s side effects.
- Naproxen may increase the level of methotrexate and increase the risk of methotrexate side effects.
- More soluble in the blood warfarin can be more likely to cause bleeding of the gastrointestinal tract in combination with naproxen.
- Naproxen can cause bleeding in combination with antidepressants called SSRIs.
Alcohol and Naproxen
Avoid drinking alcohol while taking naproxen.
Drinking alcohol and taking naproxen increases the likelihood of developing a stomach ulcer or gastrointestinal bleeding.
Naproxen and other interactions
When taking Naproxen, avoid exposure to sunlight and tanning beds, as naproxenfetto is toxic.
Your dose of naproxen will depend on which brand you are taking, what condition is being treated, and your age.
In arthritis, the total dose can be from 500 to 1000 mg (mg). In children, the dose is calculated by body weight.
At lower doses, naproxen is best used to relieve pain. To reduce swelling, higher doses may be required.
Below are the general recommendations for dosages of kenoproxen:
- Extended-release tablets can be taken once a day.
- Tablets with enteric coating can be taken twice a day.
- Tablets can be taken every 8 hours for gout or pain.
- OTC is usually taken every 8-12 hours.
Here are some general rules for taking Naproxen:
- Adenenaproxen with food, because it causes indigestion.
- Always take Naproxen with a full glass of water.
- Do not chew, break or press Naproxen tablets. Swallow them whole.
- Do not smoke or drink alcohol while taking naproxen.
Although naproxen and other NSAIDs have warnings and side effects that you should be aware of, they have been an important treatment for millions of people with muscle, bone and joint problems for more than 30 years.
Most people can take Naproxen without problems. Make sure you know how to safely take Naproxen. Talk with your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions or concerns.
An overdose of naproxen can cause:
- Abdominal pain
- Labored breathing
Missed dose of Naproxen
If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember it, but do not take two doses at the same time and do not take additional doses.
If you are close to your time of admission, take a normal dose and do not drink missed doses, never take more than one dose at a time.